ffOME OF tfS^
Plainville, Mass., Aug. 1, 1921
Factohy Ok Wiiitino And Davis Co.
Pageant of Progress
On July 30th, 1921 one of the
world's largest and most costly educa-
tional and artistic exhibitions will
start in Chicago known as The Page-
ant of Progress.
Among the prominent exhibits will
be the one made by The Whiting &
Davis Co., for during the exposition
there will be a miniature mesh bag
factory in full operation, making bags
in the most modern way by our highly
perfected machines. For contrast
and to illustrate the advancement
made in the manufacture of fine bags,
they will be made by hand as was
done prior to 1909, when the first ma-
chine was put on production.
The Company has arranged for an
extensive display of completed bags,
and samples of various kinds and sizes
of mesh, including some over three
hundred (300) years old and a piece
from a coat of mail worn by a war-
rior of ancient Europe.
The Pageant of Progress will be
held on the Municipal Pier, one of the
world's greatest achievements of en-
gineering. This pier was Completed
shortly before the war at a cost of
$5,000,000. It is a solid concrete
Structure and extends into Lake
Michigan three thousand (3000) feet,
more than a half mile. On the pier
are built two massive buildings each
2340 feet long and 125 feet wide, the
largest exposition halls the world has
J. 0. Gapon Wins Prize
Trade Nark Selected
Mr. Gagnon of the Die Cutting
Dept. has been awarded the prize in
the trade mark contest. Congratula-
tions are in order for there were many
contestants. The judges were Mr.
('has. Whiting, Mr. Armes and Mr.
Kenyon. Each entry was numbered,
a duplicate number with name attach-
ed was kept separate for impartiality.
When the entries had been brought
down by elimination to two by Mr.
Whiting, Messrs. Armes and Kenyon
were asked to pick the best one of the
two with the result above stated
New England's seashore and moun-
tain resorts will be well patronized by
those who have looked forward all
year to the annual vacation. Many will
go by auto over the best of roads
through scenery unsuroassed. For
those who want the salt air such
places as historic Cape Cod will ap-
peal and to the north of P.oston, Lynn
Reach, Marblehead, Plum Island and
farther along we come to Salisbury
and Hampton beaches. Many go to
these lively beaches, is we travel on
we come to York^ Beach and Old
Orchard in Maine which is said to
be the finest beach in the world and
only twenty miles from Portland.
Old Orchard is 150 miles from the
for those preferring the mountains
the White Mountains have the call,
here we have some of the finest scen-
ery in America,agood trip being up
through Crawford Notch. Another
nice trip takes one through Worcester,
Springfield to Pittsfield which is near
the York State line up over the Mo-
hawk Trail. Here one can see scenery
that is well worth the trip. Many take
tents along and camp on the wayside.
I ) K I • A BT M E NT M AN A <i K I«S
by Employees of Whitiuyf tfe Davis Co.
J. O. Gagnon, Chairman
W. M. Fuller Lee Higu-ius F. Gaddes
O. Soderstroiu MiuaSiinpsou
Editor . H. B. Rowa n
COMMCRCIAL PRESS- PRINTER*
To you, my Friend, whelher em-
ployee or otherwise, this issue of our
paper comes with -its note of "Optim-
ism. ' '
It is essential for all of us at this
time when our Country is going
through the "Travail of Reconstruc-
tion" to put forth our best efforts in
order to bring the Ship of State into
calm and peaceful waters once again.
And it is for this reason common
sense prompting that Whiting &
Davis have faith in the future, its
brightness depending only on the ef-
forts we put forth. Do not let us for-
get enthusiasm which is a part of suc-
cessful effort. It has been said that
the difference between prosperity and
depression in a business way is only
15 per cent. One can see what psy-
chology has to do with it.
A great many of us are more or
less conversant with the wonderful
growth of Chicago during the last
century and this "Pageant of Pro-
gress " is hut a sign of the vast
amount of enthusiam for Progress.
It comes at a most appropriate time
and surely will be as a tonic on a de-
pressed busuiess condition. There is
nothing which can act as such an in-
centive to carry on as to see "What
the other Fellow is doing." "Suc-
cess attend your effort, Chicago/' is
our earnest wish.
In a new restaurant for French
members of Parliament, placards on
the walls request members of the
House not to flirt with the waitresses.
Harry Miller Lewis, weight 9 lbs.
arrived on the ninth of July at
the home of his papa. Archie is some
Mk. Chaki.es A. Whiting. Treasures
"A ROBUST OFFSPRING"
EMPLOYEES OF TEN YEARS OR
MORE OF SERYICE
The Whiting •& Davis Company,
following out their policy of manu-
facturing everything under one roof,
established the Whiting Chain Com-
pany in the year 1912 in order to
furnish machine made chain.
The growth of the Company from
the very first has been most remark-
able as is shown in the variety of pro-
ducts as well as in the quality and
quantity produced. From the one
line of machine chain, expansion has
gone along various lines until it now
includes, outside of a complete line of
machine made chain in the better
qualities, fancy chains of all descrip-
tions, lockets, pendants, rosary cases,
bead necks, crosses, bracelets and pin
From the modest beginning of a
few hards the Company now has well
developed departments in all lines.
This remarkable growth of the busi-
ness has been largely due to the policy
of the Company to give the best of
service and quality at the lowest fig-
These facts have been well support-
ed by the business the firm has had
during this last business depression.
The factory was operated on a nine
hour day, five days a week until July
18th, when it went on to an eight hour
The Company's aim has always
been and still is "Better and better
service to its Customers."
The largest lump sum ever paid
for a novel was the $200,000.00 re-
ceived by Alphonse Daudet in 1884
WAD CO NEWS
From Vikings Bold and Knights of Old
To the Modern Ladies Fair
An Up To Date Chapter o! a Story
That Has No End
By Lincoln Ames
Tli is is chapter No. 1921 of a con-
tinued story — and a long one.
Might as well he frank about it.
The beginning has been lost. The end-
ing has never been imagined. And
the author humbly admits that he
hasn't the slightest idea when and by
whom the final chapter will be writ-
ten. Whiting & Davis have done
more to complete the story in the past
Iweity years than the rest of the
world has done in more than twenty
It is the story of man's cunning in
the making of metal rings into strong
and beautiful fabrics.
Those early chapters were lost in
the dim, dark ages when strange
tribes of men were struggling up
from the Stone Age through the slow
centuries that brought them knowl-
edge of metals and their use.
The ancient Viking, who feared the
mythological hammer of Thor, went
into baWe fearing no man and wear-
ing armor of interlinked iron rings
made with hand-riveted rows alter-
nating with hand-welded rows. Cen-
turies later Science discovered that
part of the story the Vikings had so
laboriously wrought with crude tools
when archaeologists excavated their
graves and found their ancient war-
The famous tapestry of Bayeux,
France, which depicts scenes of Wil-
liam the Conqueror, ruler of England
from 1066-1087, teFs more of the
story. In the seven-colored weave,
thought to have been his Queen Ma-
tilda's own handiwork, is pictured a
warrior of that time clad in his coat
of mail. This metal mesh, hand-weld-
ed one link at a time, became the gen-
erally adopted form of armor for the
great Crusades that followed the Nor-
man conquests. It was used for cen-
turies until gradually supplanted
by solid plate armor between 1390
and 1410 A. D.
It 's a long jump to 1876 when this
concern began making jewelry — and
history. Then in 1880, 41 years ago
the 13th of July, one of those little
events that later assume tremendous
importance, happened when C. A.
Whiting was hired as office boy at 9
cents per hour.
He worked his way through the
position of assistant foreman and be-
came the company's only salesman,
covering the United States from New
York to San Francisco. In 1890 he
became a member of the firm — and in
1892 he took up the story of metal
mesh at the place where ancient ar-
morers had left off. That year Whit-
ing & Davis Co. made their first mesh
bag, a tiny plated novelty of coarse
unsoldered rings, made and put to-
gether entirely by hand.
Since that day, year by year, and
chapter by chapter, Whiting & Da-
vis Co. have added to the story of me-
SOT. DEKKO MESH DEPARTMENT
tal mesh and to the beauty, strength,
fasli ion able features, and artistic fin-
ish of dainty gold and silver mesh
bags, which have become a permanent
and perfected part of milady's cos-
tume for any occasion.
And today it is easier to suggest the
crudity of ancient mesh, hand welded
upon the anvil, one link at a time,
than it is to depict the skilled refine-
ment of the expert artisans and ma-
chinery which make the Whiting &
Davis Co. plant the largest and best
equipped establishment for the manu-
facture of mesh bags in the world. To-
day, for instance, 100,000 tiny gold or
silver rings made into one complete
mesh bag may be soldered securely in
the short space of 60 seconds. And so
well is the work done that each one of
those rings — 9-1000ths of an inch in
Thickness — will hold a weight of 5 1-2
Whiting & Davis were the first to
use solder-filled wire in making mesh
bags. They are the owners of all the
patents on the mesh-making machine.
This was originally invented in 1909
by A. ('. Pratt, but many new patents
and improvements have been added
from time to time to make the perfect-
ed machine of today and to extend ex-
elusive ownership rights many years.
More than 350 of these machines are
operated today. Many of the com-
pany's employees are the inventors
and makers of other special machin-
ery used in this plant. All the work-
er's are constantly seeking for better
methods. And every year sees some-
thing done a little more perfectly, a
little more precisely than before.
And now, if we could take a bar of
"raw" silver by the hand and hop-
skip-and-jump right down through
the factory with it, as we have skip-
ped down through the centuries, this
is what we would see before we emerg-
ed into the shipping room with a lit-
tle flock of delicate but everlasting
sterling silver mesh bags, born of that
block of metal.
Off to the melting room, then. The
silver is melted with a bit of pure
copper to make sterling silver 925-
lOOOths tine, and east into a bar 11-2
inches in diameter.
The bar is drilled neatly in the mid-
dle — a hole accurately centered and
precisely l-14th as large as the bar.
Into this hole is fitted a long cylinder
of solder, which is then melted into a
still more perfect fit in a special re-
As delicate and dainty as the mod-
ern mesh bag is. it takes some pon-
derous machinery to create it. And
just at this juncture a 32,000 pound
rolling machine pounces upon the de-
fenceless little solder-filled bar of sil-
ver and squeezes it smaller and small-
er — longer and longer.
Rolling tends to make metal hardei*
and less workable. Therefore the sil-
ver, which is now more like a rod than
a bar, is annealed in an oil-burning
furnace to restore its original texture
The revolving rollers of a reducing
machine hammer it smaller and pass
it on to the bull-block and the sleeve
machine, which do not mean much to
the si ranger but which, little by little,
draw out the metal until it is coiled in
long length of silver wire. This shin-
ing coil then goes onward for the final
finishing touch of the machine that
draws it finer and finer through dia-
monds and winds it on spools — a long
silver thread only 9-10J0ths of an
St a m r Departm ini
IM.ANN1NU DEPARTM KM
inch in width.
And don't forget the solder. Tt is
still there, precisely in the center of
that little thread. And just as il was
1-141 h of the size of the bar, so it is in
the wire just l-14tli of 9-1000 lis of
an inch wide — invisibe but ready for
its very important duty.
When this* spooled wire is put upon
a mesh machine, this magician of the
factory begins its work, making and
weaving into place 280 to 300 tiny
silver rings per minute. Each ring,
cut off from the thread and bent tt-
shape, is folded into a perfect circle
just 42-1000ths of an inch in diameter
in its proper place in the mesh so that
four other rings are linked within
So light are the rings that gravity
alone would not pull tliem to their
proper place, so the super-human ma-
chine uses little jets of compressed air
to help each link along.
There they go, 300 links per min-
ute, and above the machine rises a
phantom column of silver, perfectly
round, luminous with its silver sheen,
and so delicate as to seem almost
transparent. The mesh is woven in
cylindrical form and, untouched and
unguided by human hands, the ma-
chine goes until the "stocking", as
it is called, rises nearly to the ceiling.
And if ever a single link is missed or
if the end of the wire is reached, the
machine automatically stops and
waits for the man who cares for the
needs of fifteen machines like it to
come and feed it the proper medicine.
Off to the slitting machine goes the
shining "stocking." Little cogs fit in-
to the tiny meshes and draw it toward
the revolving circular knife that does
much more neatly and accurately
what once was done with shears. Pres-
ently it is one long, flat piece of sil-
ver mesh that ripples like fine silk and
glistens like a great dew-drenched
cobweb in the grass at sunrise.
The flat strip then goes to the cut-
ting room where it is fed into a ma-
chine that to the uninitiated looks like
a combination of a clothes-wringer
and a player-piano. The clothes-
wringer part grips the strip with cor-
rugated rollers that fit the mesh. A
roll of tough paper, in which are slits
j lot unlike those on a player-piano
roll, is the pattern. The slits allow
certain little knives to operate and
hold back all the others. Thus as the
mesh and the paper- pattern proceed,
1he machine cuts out the perfect pat-
tern of the bag that is to be. This
machine is one of the newest ones per-
fected at the plant.
The cut-out mesh is forwarded to
the joining room where girls use ma-
chines that sew up the bags with l.ttle
single links of silver exactly like all
the others in the bag. They do much
more easily and quickly now the work
that up to a year ago had to tax the
eyes and deftness of experienced
A cleaning process prepares the
mesh bag for the soldering room
where electric furnaces solder all the
rings in a bag- at once, whether there
be 25,000 or 100,000 of them— and in
about 60 seconds.
Another cleaning and the bag is
sent to the lacquer room and on to the
assembly room where the frame will
soon catch up to it.
In the case of plated bags this final
washing is followed by a 40-minute
bath in the silver plating tank in
which hang plates of solid silver. In
Plating Dep a htm ent
Mesh joining Department
these tanks from 60 to 120 bags or 120
frames may be plated simultaneously
by the familiar electrolysis method
which eats away the sterling silver
from the plates hanging in the bath
and deposits it evenly and gradually,
particle by particle, upon the bags
and frames hanging on the racks. Af-
ter the plating tank, the plated pieces
are tubbed thoroughly in revolving
tubs of soap and water with fine shot
which smooth and brighten the newly-
Now when all this was happening in
the making of the mesh, the frame
was being made in other departments.
For the making of frames the met-
al is cast in flat ingots about an inch
thick, four to six inches wide and
about 10 inches ong. This is rolled
and annealed until the required thick-
ness is reached and then sent to the
There is another type of machine
there — a 33,000-pound leviathan that
is called a "knuckle-joint press".
And when I said press, I was using
the same word I would have to use
were I speaking of sweethearts hold-
ing hands, but I referred to a dainty
little monster that, doesn't know how
to press less than 1,200,000 pounds.
And in the fact of such a fervent em-
brace as that, it is not remarkable
that the cut-out pieces of flat silver
do just as the giant desires and as-
sume the most beautiful shapes and
designs. Tn the press department the
rough edges — the selvedge — is cut off.
and, by an ingenious and specially
designed machine, all the little holes
for joining the mesh to the frame are
punched at once, each one in its prop-
er place to the smallest fraction of an
inch, and each one just 30-1000ths
of an inch wide.
In the bench room workers with
dainty tools and little jets of gas
flame solder the joints and ball knobs
onto the frames. The ball-knobs are
made automatically on special ma-
Cleaning comes next and then
"bobbing" on little wheels of walrus-
hide with different degrees of abra-
sive. Frames cannot be tumbled in
tubs so they must be brushed and pol-
ished to bring out the proper finish.
Plated frames, of course, follow the
mesh through the plating tanks.
Those to be finished dark have to be
carefully painted with oxidizing acid
and rubbed with fine pumice.
Fine spiral wire is used in the as-
sembly department to join the mesh
bag and the finished frame together.
Once made by hand, this spiral is
now made automatically. A remark-
able little machine that operates un-
attended night and day, takes the
straight wire from the spool, curls it
accurately into a continuous spiral
that never varies, cuts the spiral into
perfectly measured lengths, counts
each one, and drops it into a little
tray. When 100 have been counted,
the machine pushes forward another
tray and goes on counting and cut-
The mesh bag's chain is made of
wire manufactured by the solder-
filled process. Automatic machines
handle and join the links, more deft-
ly and precisely than any human be-
ing could. And each machine turns
out as much as 75 yards of chain per
day all in one piece or in separate 1-
inch pieces for use in making the
fringed bags so popular today.
Into the inspection department for
the final approval of experienced
judges go the finished bag's. Then
into soft envelopes and boxes before
they ace sent to either the foreign or
domestic shipping departments to be
packed for shipping.
Fifty skilled mechanics design and
build all the machinery used in the
plant and make all the dies used in
the manufacture of many styles of
bags. And some of the best engravers
in the business are employed there to
work on the fine solid gold and silver
mesh bags which are set with fine
stones and delicately engraved.
The Whiting & 'Davis Co. is the
largest concern of its kind in the
world. This company makes 90 per
cent, of all the mesh bags made in
this country and sends thousands of
them abroad. They operate a branch
factory in Sherbrook, Quebec, Cana-
da ; and branch offices in New York,
Chicago and San Francisco.
They make one of the few things in
the equipment of modern women
which never wears out — for there
never is a time when a Whiting &
Davis mesh bag may not be made just
as good as new for a small fraction of
its original cost, no matter how rough-
ly it has been used. And for the
special service of those whose mesh
bags have been impaired through
long usage or accident, a complete re-
pair department has been established
apart from the main factory.
It is equipped like a miniature fac-
tory. Here bags are taken apart,
mended, washed, polished, or re-plat-
ed. Then they are re-assembled just
like a new bag and sent back to their
owners in less than two weeks' time.
It is in this department that the
great improvement of the spiral-wire
method of joining mesh and frame is
demonstrated in contrast to the older
method of attaching the mesh to the
frame by separate rings. Every time
such delicate rings are bent open they
are weakened. With the spiral,
though, one end may be freed and,
then Ihe whole spiral comes out easily
and quickly without opening a ring-
by simply "unscrewing" it. The re"
assembled bag with the spiral re-
placed is just so much more strong
This, in the hop-skip-and-jump
fashion, is the way that Whiting &
Davis have been writing new chap-
ters in the story of metal mesh.
From the first crude efforts of
primitive man to make for himself
some metallic protection against h'ua
foe-man's weapon, down through the
centuries to these dainty bits of gold
and silver mesh that lend their lure
to the fair maids and matrons of to-
'•ay, is a jump that nearly spans the
whole history of civilization.
But within that time the achieve-
ment of the Whiting & Davis Co. has
rever been equalled or surpassed.
"Mesh Bag" Goes
The door of the velvet lined show-
case opened; a clerk's hand entered,
then withdrew, leaving in the very
centre of the "stage" a sterling sil-
ver mesh bag. Against the back-
ground of deep purple, it's every de-
tail was brought out in bold relief.
Nearby, nestling in a draped fold,
"Diamond Ring" looked coldly out
on a passing world, while on the other
side, "Platinum Watch" awaited the
moment when she should begin her
career of incessant ticking.
Mesh Bag gazed first at one and
then the other. Diamond Ring, con-
scious of her arresting sparkle, gazed
straight ahead in superior disdain,
but Platinum Watch made shy ad-
"Another one of the Mesh Bag
family," she said. "Dear me, I was
just becoming acquainted with your
cousin, when the clerk removed her
and a beautiful young lady walked
out of the store swinging Mesh Bag
from her wrist."
"We are a popular family," said
Mesh Bag, and her rings shone even
more brilliantly, if that were possible.
"Back home, in the factory, where
they were getting me ready for my de-
but in the world, I could hear them
saying, all day long, 'Hurry up with
that bag, we need her to fill this or-
der.' I remember one day when I was
in the soldering room, having my
rings soldered together, a man came
in who was waiting for us to decorate
his show-case. "Can't you hurry
these up?' he asked. 'You don't have
to be so particular about each of those
little rings.' But the workman who
was doing it so skillfully, could not
be hurried. After the man had gone,
I heard him telling one of the other
workers what a pity it would be to
send a Mesh Bag out into the world
with rings that would not hold togeth-
er. 'Supposing a young lady should
be hurrying through a crowd, trust-
ing her valuables to the strength of
Mesh's Bag's rings, and they did not
hold together. Why the whole family
would be disgraced. No sir,' he said,
'we have to be particular.'"
"Hump," from Diamond Ring,
who glittered even more coldly, "how
these plebians of common origin do
talk. One would think they really
felt themselves to be in our class."
"Your class?" and Mesh Bag
seemed to quiver all over with an-
THE RELIEF ASSOCIATION
ger. "Here they have given me the
very center of the show case where
everyone gazes at me first, and you
talk about 'our class.' Why, I'll wag-
er that many more members of my
family will pass in and out of this
case while you will still remain. "What
good do you do in the world? Merely
decorate a finger, while I am trusted
with all sorts of valuable and private
things, to carry about the world."
Just then there was an interruption.
A shadow was cast over all three of
them. Mesh Bag looked up. Gazing
down upon her, a pair of eager eyes
took in her every detail.
"Look," she cried, "the girl sees
only me. She is' not at all interested
in you. I am going to say good-bye,
for I know by the expression of her
eyes that I am going to find a new
home. Give my regards to my rela-
tives who will join you soon."
The show case door opened and
once more the clerk's hand entered.
He withdrew Mesh Bag and held her
up proudly before the enraptured
gaze of the young lady.
"Oh, isn't it a beauty," and she
reached out to take Mesh Bag in her
hands and caress the silky smoothness
of her rings.
It was but a matter of moments be-
fore Mesh Bag, proudly swinging
from the hand of her new mistress,
went forth to her new world. She
could not help but look back toward
Diamond King with a look of tri-
umph, while she si ill felt pity that
they must rest there in the velvet
lined case as she went forth to join
the moving crowds.
J. E. K.
Does anyone remember the massive
violin that was on exhibition at Port-
land, Maine, some ten years ago? It
was 38 ft. long and required 3 men and
a boy to play it. One man did the fin-
gering the other two worked the bow
(one at each end, cross-cut saw fash-
ion) while the boy stood on the bridge
sprinkling rosin on the strings with
a sugar scoop.
TAKING CARE OF STOCK"
With what a pleasant sensation do
we handle stock which has shown care
in keeping it bright and new looking.
Many times one has noticed in dis-
play windows an article which seems
to have been neglected, in fact, look-
ing for all the world as if it had been
used and cast aside. Of course the
display window is not a fit resting
place for it.
How important to show it fresh
and clean in order to create desire on
the part of the would-be purchaser.
Look your stock over, it will help
von make sales and customers.
There is one thing in particular
that should be better attended to by
the heads of the different depart-
ments and that is the immediate re-
porting of any person in their depart-
ment when taken sick so that they
may receive immediate attention from
the nurse and their names placed on
the books that prompt payments may
be made of their claims.
They also jeopardize their right to
benefits as the By-Laws plainly state
that payments for sick claims shall
begin at the date of notification to the
proper officers, whether notification is
received at the beginning of said sick-
ness or six weeks after. So if all mem-
bers will be careful to notify the head
of their department the same will be
apprciated by the officers.
For the information of those who
do not belong to the Relief Associa-
tion, it can be stated that about 80
per cent, of the employees are mem-
bers and entitled when sick to receive
$8 per week after the first week, when
$4 is paid. The benefit runs for 13
weeks. The assessments are paid bi-
monthly, amounting to twenty cents.
Which amount is taken from the pay
IN A MESS
Two miners had never seen golf
played before. They stood watching
a fat unskillful player at work in a
bunker. The sand flew up but the
ball remained. Seven agonizing shots
had been played.
The player made his eighth at-
tempt. The ball was lobbed up,
dropped on the green, and rolling
gently to the pin settled in the hole.
By Gosh! said one of the miners to
the other, "He's got a deuce of a job
now ! - '
A glass of hot milk with nutmeg
sprinkled on top is an excellent re-
storative after tiring work.